Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Lit Terms 1

First lit terms list of the year!

All definitions are from the lit terms pdf (which I actually still have on my computer from the summer before English 3).

01) allegory def: a tale in prose or verse in which characters, actions, or settings represent abstract ideas or moral qualities; a story that uses symbols to make a point
ex: Animal Farm
02) alliteration def: the repetition of similar initial sounds, usually consonants, in a group of words
ex: very verbal vocabulary
03) allusion def: a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that a writer expects a reader to recognize
ex: vocabulary no jutsu! (only otakus will get the allusion)
04) ambiguity def: something uncertain as to interpretation
ex: The Lady, or the Tiger?
05) anachronism def: something that shows up in the wrong place or the wrong time
ex: Daniel wearing a suit and tie to school
06) analogy def: a comparison made between two things to show the similarities between them
ex: glove is to hand as sock is to foot
07) analysis def: a method in which a work or idea is separated into its parts, and those parts given rigorous and detailed scrutiny
ex: like separating a thesis statement into three parts so you can prove each piece separately
08) anaphora def: a device or repetition in which a word or words are repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, phrases, clauses, or sentences
ex: "I do not like them in a house. I do not like them with a mouse. I do not like them here or there. I do not like them anywhere. I do not like green eggs and ham. I do not like them, Sam-I-am."
09) anecdote def: a very short story used to illustrate a point
ex: a politician telling a short story about his childhood or family in the middle of a speech to build ethos
10) antagonist def: a person or force opposing the protagonist in a drama or narrative
ex: Lord Voldemort *ahem* You-Know-Who
11) antithesis def: a balancing of one term against another for emphasis or stylistic effectiveness
ex: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times..."
12) aphorism def: a terse, pointed statement expressing some wise or clever observation about life
ex: "An apple a day keeps the doctor away"
...basically anything written by Ben Franklin actually
13) apologia def: a defense or justification for some doctrine, piece of writing, cause, or action; also apology
ex: Apology for Raymond Sebond by Montaigne
14) apostrophe def: a figure of speech in which an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or something inanimate or nonhuman is addressed directly
ex: "Twinkle, twinkle, little star, how I wonder what you are..."
15) argument def: the process of convincing a reader by proving either the truth or the falsity of an idea or proposition; also, the thesis or proposition itself
ex: how about yesterday in Government when each group tried to prove something different about the Founders
16) assumption def: the act of supposing, or taking for granted that a thing is true
ex: in Adventure Time, we can assume Susan Strong is human even though they never explicitly said so
17) audience def: the intended listener or listeners
ex: the person reading the book, watching the movie, etc.
18) characterization def: the means by which a writer reveals a character's personality
ex: Chaucer used the travelers' anecdotes as a form of characterization
19) chiasmus def: a reversal in the order of words so that the second half of a statement balances the first half in inverted word order
ex: "I meant what I said and I said what I meant! An elephant's faithful one-hundred percent!"

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