Thursday, January 23, 2014

Lit Terms 3

63 down, 75 to go? ...We're like, 45.652% done!

All definitions are from the lit terms pdf (which I actually still have on my computer from the summer before English 3).

01) exposition def: beginning of a story that sets forth facts, ideas, and/or characters, in a detailed explanation.
ex: "Once upon a time, there was a beautiful princess who lived in a castle." <--the exposition of like every fairy tale ever
02) expressionism def: movement in art, literature, and music consisting of unrealistic representation of an inner idea or feeling(s).
ex: Starry Night!
03) fable def: a short, simple story, usually with animals as characters, designed to teach a moral truth
ex: "The Tortoise and the Hare"
04) fallacy def: from Latin word "to deceive", a false or misleading notion, belief, or argument; any kind of erroneous reasoning that makes arguments unsound
ex: ad hominem fallacy: <politician's name> used to do drugs, there's no way his argument is true!
05) falling action def: part of the narrative or drama after the climax
ex: "...and then they got married and lived happily ever after" <--the falling action of aforementioned generic fairy tale
06) farce def: a boisterous comedy involving ludicrous action and dialogue
ex: I saw a play once called "Blithe Spirit" which was described in the program as "an improbable farce"
07) figurative language def: apt and imaginative language characterized by figures of speech (such as metaphor and simile)
ex: "But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun." JSYK, Juliet isn't *actually* the's a metaphor! Your mind is blown, right??
08) flashback def: a narrative device that flashes back to prior events
ex: Ladder 49 is a movie that's almost ENTIRELY flashback (if I remember this correctly, the main character is a dying firefighter who's remniscing on his life while trapped in a burning building. Dude I don't even remember if he dies or not O.O)
09) foil def: a person or thing that, by contrast, makes another seem better or more prominent
ex: Benvolio and Mercutio are sort of foils... Benvolio's all nice and summarizes things for other characters/people in the audience who weren't paying attention, but Mercutio is short-tempered, picks fights, and is pretty much responsible for Tybalt's death/Romeo's banishment/actually I guess by extension the entire plot/nevermind this isn't going anywhere
10) folk tale def: story passed on by word of mouth
ex: One of my friends told me a folk tale of like, a girl who stole a peach or something (?) and then she was punished with hiccups. Wow, I must have stolen a car or something when no one looking
11) foreshadowing def: in fiction and drama, a device to prepare the reader for the outcome of the action; "planning" to make the outcome convincing, though not to give it away
ex: Is it just me, or is there a strange noise coming from the closet...? Well, whatever, I'll just look at it later...
12) free verse def: verse without conventional metrical pattern, with irregular pattern or no rhyme.
ex: "This Is Just To Say"
by William Carlos Williams
I have eaten
the plums
that were in
the icebox
and which
you were probably
for breakfast
Forgive me
they were delicious
so sweet
and so cold
protip: if a teacher ever asks you to pick a poem to memorize, PICK THIS ONE
13) genre def: a category or class of artistic endeavor having a particular form, technique, or content
ex: pop, hip hop, country, electronic...
14) gothic tale def: a style in literature characterized by gloomy settings, violent or grotesque action, and a mood of decay, degeneration, and decadence
ex: three words: Edgar. Allan. Poe.
15) hyperbole def: an exaggerated statement often used as a figure of speech or to prove a point
ex: I was so scared I jumped like five feet in the air
16) imagery def: figures of speech or vivid description, conveying images through any of the senses
ex: see above example for "free verse" (two for the price of one! I wasn't even planning this, this is great)
17) implication def: a meaning or understanding that is to be arrived at by the reader but that is not fully and explicitly stated by the author
ex: The only examples of implication I can think of are inappropriate (which is why they were implied in the first place) so hopefully I can just IMPLY that I understand what implication means (see what I did there??)
18) incongruity def: the deliberate joining of opposites or of elements that are not appropriate to each other
ex: "I heard a Fly buzz - when I died -"
--Emily Dickinson
19) inference def: a judgment or conclusion based on evidence presented; the forming of an opinion which possesses some degree of probability according to facts already available
ex: basically a synonym for implication (see above)
20) irony def: a contrast or incongruity between what is said and what is meant, or what is expected to happen and what actually happens, or what is thought to be happening and what is actually happening
ex: it's ironic that by saying the Supreme Court did not have the power to issue writs of mandamus, John Marshall actually strenghthened the Court's power (look at me! I just made a connection between AP English and AP Government! :D )

No comments:

Post a Comment